Al-Tawhid Journal Archives

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'Ashura - Misrepresentations and Distortions by Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari   -4 sermons from Ayatullah Mutahhari on distortions that have taken place in regard to the events of 'Ashura.

     

A Criticism of Arab Nationalism by Dr. Muhammad Yahya- Contradictions in the concept of Arab Nationalism, and an explanation of its major positions.

     

A Discussion Concerning the Mahdi (a) by Ayatullah Baqir al-Sadr - The concept of the Mahdi, his long life, personality and role.

     

A Meeting with Imam Khomeini by Robin Woodsworth Carlsen   -A remarkable description of a meeting between the late Imam Khomeini and the journalist Robin Woodsworth Carlsen.

     

A Note on Some Recent Western Writing on Islamic Resurgence by Dr. Ibrahim M. Abu Rabi -

           

Al-Tawhid and Its Social Implications by Sayyid Ali Khamene'i - Oneness of God as a World outlook, outlook of human existence and as a social approach.

     

Alleged book burnings in Iran and Egypt by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari- Refutations of accusations against Muslim armies that entered Iran and Egypt in early Islamic history.

     

An Introduction to 'Ilm al-Kalam by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari - The main doctrines of kalam (theology) and their subsequent modifications with special reference to Mu'tazilah, Asha'irah and Shi'ah schools of kalam.

     

An Introduction to 'Irfan by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari- 'Irfan (Shi'i spiritual teachings) as compared to tasawwuf (Sufism), its beliefs, practices, different parts (Shari'ah, Tariqa, and Haqiqa), as well as its major practitioners throughout Islamic History.

     

An Islamic Perspective of Political Economy: Views of Baqir al-Sadr by T.M. Aziz - This article is part of the author's dissertation on "The Islamic Political Theory of Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr of Iraq." He is a Visiting Scholar at the Center of Near Eastern Studies, UCLA.

     

An Outline of the History of Restriction on Ijtihad by Shaykh Aga Buzurg Tehrani- The history and significance of Ijtihad in Sunni and Shi'i developments.

     

Authority of the literal meaning of the Qur'an by Ayatullah Abu al-Qasim al-Khu'i - Importance of the literal meanings of the Qur'an and examples of its use by the Ahlul Bayt (a). Arguments against the literal meanings. Methodology and sources of tafsir.

     

Book Review of Whose Justice, Whose Rationality by Alasdair MacIntyre by Dr. Muhammad Legenhausen - One of the most important issues in Islamic social and political thought since the nineteenth century has been the confrontation of traditional Muslim societies with European modernism, and one of the most important facets of modernism about which Muslim thinkers are concerned is that of political liberalism. MacIntyre's writings are interesting in this context because, like many Muslims, he is very strongly opposed to many aspects of modernism and liberalism for what turn out to be ultimately religious reasons.

     

Book Review: Modern Political Islamic Thought by Dr. Wahid Akhtar - Book Review of Hamid Enayet's 'Modern Islamic Political Thought' in which the author gives an account of Shi'ite political thought, and the differences between Shi'i and Sunni views on state, caliphate, and politics.

     

Causality and Freedom by Ayatullah Mohsen Araki -An essay, explaining briefly the philosophical theory of Sadra on the relation between causality and freedom, and martyr Sadr’s theory of sovereignty (saltanah), then comparing critically and analysing these two theories with each other.

     

Contextualization: A New Missionary Approach to Muslims by Ishtiyaq Danish   -The concept of contextualization among Christian missionaries, its differences with indigenization, its requirements and methods.

     

Development of the Science of Hadith by Dr. Mustafa Awliya'i - Includes origins and history of the science of hadith, six books of Sunni hadith, Shi'i books of hadith, and the major Shi'i scholars of hadith.

     

Divine Revelation, Human Reason and Science by Ayatullah Jawadi Amuli - The role of knowledge, method of reasoning, reasoning and revelation, and instances of harmony between revelation and reason.

     

End of Islamic Spain: Dates, Names and Places by Dr T. B Irving

Epistemology of Prophethood in Islam by Dr. Jalal al-Haqq   -Revelation as a medium of information.

     

Eternity of Moral Values by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari-Wisdom, subjectivity of judgements, permanence of ethics, natural urges, and ethical theories.

     

Fasting according to the five schools of Islamic Law by Allamah Muhammad Jawad Maghniyyah - Differing opinions among the schools of Islamic Law on the rules of fasting, including being excused from fasting and repaying missed fasts.

     

Glimpses of the Nahj al-Balagha by Ayatullah Murtada Mutahhari - Characteristics of Nahj al-Balagha, and excerpts from some of its major themes including 'Ibadah (worship), Justice and the world.

     

History of Human Evolution by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari- Man's historical and social evolution, evolution of history, human relationships, role of Prophets in evolution, and the concept of Bada' (Divine revision).

     

Ijtihad: Its Meaning, Sources, Beginnings and the Practice of Ra'y by Muhammad Ibrahim Jannati -

     

Imam al-Rida (a) and the heir apparency by Shaykh Muhammad Shams al-Din   -A discussion of the role of the 8th Imam, Imam Ali ar-Rida, and the issues surrounding his nomination as heir to the Abbasid caliph Al-Mamun.

     

Islam and Iran by Ayatullah Murtada Mutahhari - A discussion of the mutual services of Islam and Iran, the revival of the Persian language, and the Iranian choice of Shi'i Islam.

     

Islam and Religious Pluralism by Dr. Muhammad Legenhausen- Liberalism and Pluralism, religious pluralism in the Qur'an and Islam.

     

Islam and the Modern Age by Allamah as-Sayyid Muhammad Husayn al-Tabataba'i   -The way of nature, Islam and the needs of every epoch, Islamic approach to law, the natural man, fixed and flexible laws.

     

Islam and Women's Rights by Muhammad Jawad Bahonar

     

Islam in European Thought: A Book Review by Dr. Ibrahim M. Abu Rabi - A Book Review of the renowned Arabicist Albert Hourani, by Dr. Ibrahim M. Abu Rabi`, who is Professor of Islamic Studies and Christian-Muslim Relations at the Hartford Seminary, Hartford, Connecticut, U. S. A. He is also editor of The Muslim World.

     

Islamic Gnosis ('Irfan) and Wisdom (Hikmat) by Muhammad Taqi Misbah Yazdi

     

Islamic Renewal in Iberia and Latin America: Its Needs and Preconditions by Dr T. B Irving - A study of the status of Islam in the Iberian world (Spain, Portugal and Latin America)

     

Jami' al-Sa'adat (The Collector of Felicities) by Muhammad Mahdi al-Naraqi - Meaning and Origin of Akhlaq, Moral Virtues and Vices, Diseases of the Soul and their Treatment, and Vices of Power and Passion.

     

Karbala: An enduring paradigm of Islamic revivalism by Sayyid Wahid Akhtar   -The impact of the mourning of Imam Husayn (a) in Islamic history

     

Major Shi'i thinkers of the 5th/11th century by Sayyid Wahid Akhtar- The Al-Ghada'iris, Abu al-Hasan al-'Umari, Salar b. `Abd al-`Aziz, Abu al-Salah Al-Halabi , Abu al-Fath al-Karajiki , Abu al-`Abbas al-Najashi , Abu Ya`la al-Ja`fari , Qadi `Abd al-`Aziz b. al-Barraj

     

Medical Sects in Islam by Dr. Mahdi Muhaqqiq -About the three schools of thought in Greek medicine. The empiricists, the dogmatists and the methodists.

     

Misgivings about the pluralism of Nasr and Hicks by Muhammad Legenhausen - Synopsis of the argument for religious pluralism, with a counter argument, including a discussion on the Divine and Human elements of religion, Christianity, religious diversity, and denying the cultural relativity of religion.

     

Philosophy of Science: A Qura'nic Perspective by Dr. Mahdi Gulshani   -What appears here is also available in book form titled The Holy Quran and the Science of Nature  published by Global Academic Publishing at Binghamton University. Other chapters from this title will follow, which appeared in the al Tawhid Islamic Journal.

                         

Relation between Philosophy and Theology by Dr. Muhammad Legenhausen - Can philosophy agree with theology? Study of philosophy by Western scholars and Muslim scholars. Metaphysics, epistemology, Christian theology, and postmodernism.

     

Risaleh ye Sayr wa Suluk: A Treatise on Wayfaring by Sayyid Bahrul `Uloom - A treatise on ethics, wayfaring and gnosis. The original in Persian, entitled Risaleh ye sayr was suluk mansub be Bahr 'Ulum, Allamah Ayatullah al-'Uzma Sayyid Mahdi ibn Sayyid Murtada al‑Tabataba'i al-Najafi, ridwan Allah 'alayh (Tehran: Intisharat-e Hikmat, 1360 H. Sh./1402 H.), has been introduced and annotated by Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tehrani, qudissa sirruh.

     

Science and the Muslim Ummah by Dr. Mahdi Golshani - What appears here is also available in book form titled The Holy Quran and the Science of Nature  published by Global Academic Publishing at Binghamton University. Other chapters from this title will follow, which appeared in the al Tawhid Islamic Journal.

     

Selections from Usul al-Kafi - Selections from the first part of al-Kulayni's 'al-Kafi', on of the four major books of Shi'i hadith, that deals with themes of doctrinal and ethical significance in a systematic manner.

     

Shi'ism and Its Types During the Early Centuries by Rasul Ja'fariyan - Development of the term 'Shi'a'. Iraqi Shi'ism. Shi'ism as the love of the Ahlul Bayt. Creedal Shi'ism.

     

Shi'ism in Relation to Various Islamic Sects by Dr. Abulqasim Gorji-

     

Sociology of the Qur'an, Part I - This is the first part of Martyr Murtada Mutahhari's book Society and History (Jami`e wa tarikhh), which is itself a part of his important work Introduction to the Islamic World Outlook (Muqaddameh'i bar jahan bini‑ye Islami). In this section on society, the author discusses various viewpoints regarding the relationship between individual and society, and explains the Qur'anic viewpoint. Then he goes on to discuss such issues as social freedom and determinism, class division and social polarization, social pluralism and homogeneity, and the future of human societies. The second part of the book about history and the philosophy of history from the viewpoint of the Qur'an will appear 'in sha' Allah in the future issues of Al‑Tawhid.

     

Sociology of the Qur'an, Part II by Murtadha Mutahhari -This is the second part of Martyr Murtada Mutahhari's book Society and History (Jami'e wa tarikh), of which the first part appeared in the last issue (Vol. I, No. 3). In the first part on society, the author explained the Qur'anic viewpoint about society. Here in the second part, he discusses the problems of philosophy of history and enters into somewhat elaborate statement of the philosophy of historical mater­ialism and criticism of its main doctrines. The third part of the book, which also relates to the problems of history, discusses Islam's philoso­phy of history in relation to the positions of other schools of thought.

     

Some Old Manuscripts of the Qur'an by Kazim Mudir Shanehchi- Compilers of the Qur'an. The 'Uthmani Codices. The Codex of 'Ali. Codices of various cities. Script of early manuscripts. Codices of the Imams.

     

Study of Misconceptions Regarding Corruptions in the Qur'an by Muhammad Baqir Ansari- A response to the accusation that the Shi'a believe in tahrif (alteration) of the Holy Qur'an.

     

Sunnah from Shi'i and Sunni Viewpoints by Ayatullah Ali Mishkini - Differing viewpoints on the character of the communication of the Sunnah and the Prophet's statements to the Islamic community and its transmission, and secondly, the method of accessing the Sunnah.

     

The Alleged role of Al-Tusi in the fall of Baghdad by Rasul Jafariyan- A refutation of accusations against the great philosopher, theologian and scholar Khwajah Nasir al-Din al-Tusi.

     

The Attributes of the Noble by Khwaja Nasir al-Din al-Tusi   -The Spiritual journey, its starting point, the removal of obstacles, states of the wayfarer, and attainment of the goal.

     

The Causes responsible for Materialism in the West by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari - What is materialism? Is man materialistic by nature?Materialism in history, in Islam, and in Christianity.

     

The Concept of Love in the Shi'i Creed by Sayyid Muhammad Rida Hijaz-The concept of love in Shi'ism plays a fundamental and profound role. Love for Allah, the Prophet, and the Prophet's household.

     

The Divine Cultural Revolution by Sayyid Muhammad Husayni Beheshti   -

     

The Fusion of the Gnostic and the Political in the Personality and Life of Imam Khomeini (R.A.) by Hamid Algar   -

     

The Gospel of the Shi'ah of 'Ali ('a) - The close relation between Prophet Jesus ('a) and Imam 'Ali ('a), and their shared characteristics. Traditions about Jesus (a), and an admonition from the Almighty to Jesus (a) narrated by the Ahlul Bayt (a).

     

The Greater Jihad by Imam Khomeini - The internal struggle. Recommendations for religious students and seminaries. Importance of purifying the soul. Knowledge and faith. Includes advice on how to benefit from the blessed month of Ramadhan and the fasting and devotion therein.

     

The Human Sciences and Islamic Ideology and Culture by Muhammad Taqi Misbah

The Islamic Concept of Knowledge by Sayyid Wahid Akhtar-The different shades and connotations of the term 'ilm, i.e., knowledge, in the Islamic context.

     

The Islamic Revolution of 1920 in Iraq by Zuhayr Sulayman-A discussion on the roots of the revolution, its course, its effects and results.

     

The Islamic System of Judiciary in the Qur'an by Ayatullah Jawadi Amuli   -Verses of the Qur'an which deal with a judiciary system, need for judiciary laws, rules for judges, and matters concerning testimony and witnesses.

     

The Place of Al-Mufid in the Development of Shi'i Kalam and Fiqh by Ayatullah Sayyid Ali Khamane'i - Aspect of Shaykh Al-Mufid's work, Independence of the school of the Ahlul Bayt, Model for Shi'i Fiqh and Kalam.

     

The Problem of Contradiction in Islamic Philosophy by Murtadha Mutahhari-

     

The Qur'an and the Nature of Life by Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari- This is the second of a series of three related articles by Martyr Murtada Mutahhari on topics relating to soul, life, and evolution and published in a collection entitled Maqalat-e falsafi (Philosophical Essays).

     

The Role of Ijtihad in Legislation by Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari - Definitions of 'mujtahid' and 'ijtihad'. Ijtihad in Sunni and Shi'i traditions. Akhbarism in the Imamiyyah Tradition.

     

The Role of Reason in Ijtihad by Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari - Ash'ari and Mu'tazali beliefs in the role of reason. Qiyas in legislation. The Shi'ite position.

     

The Source Of ‘Rights’ by Ayatullah Muhammad Taqi Misbah Yazdi- A philosophical discussion on the origin of rights & that it's source is the will of Allah.

     

The Study of Islamic Philosophy by Ibrahim Bayyumi Madkour - Accusations of racial prejudice within Islam. Aim and topics of Islamic philosophy. Islamic, Chrisitian, Greek, and modern philosophy. Orientalism.

     

The Theory of 'Aalam al Khalq and 'Aalam al-'Amr by Sayyid Muhammad Husayni Beheshti-

     

The Utility of Islamic Imagery in the West by J.A Progler - A discussion of the negative imagery of Islam in the West. The Orient and Orientalism. Medieval Phantasms of Sex and Violence . Holy War, and The Utility of "Muslim Terror" in Israeli-American Relations.

     

Theocracy and Democracy by Muhammad Taqi Ja'fari  

     

Towards a Definition of Terrorism by Ayatullah Muhammad Ali Tashkiri- What is terrorism? Why does it happen? Islamic response to terrorism and oppression in the world.

     

Understanding the Uniqueness of the Qur'an by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari - Approaches to the understanding of the Qur'an, characteristics and uniqueness of the Qur'an, language of the Qur'an, reason and the heart in the Qur'an.

     

Women in a Qur'anic Society by Lois Lamya ' al-F'aruqi -Role and status of women from the teachings of the Qur'an. Includes status and worth of the sexes, gender roles in society, and extended family.

     

Words of the Word of God: Jesus Christ ('a) Speaks through Shi'i Narrations by Mahdi Qa'im and M. Legenhausen- Words and advice of Prophet 'Isa (Jesus) found in Shi'i traditions, on subjects including God, man, the hereafter, wisdom, prayer, poverty, the heart, and much more.