Ijtihad (derivation of law)


A Short History of 'Ilmul Usul, by Ayatullah Baqir al-Sadr
A discussion of 'Ilm al-Usul (the science of the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence), including its need, importance, and history.

An Introduction to the Islamic Shari'ah, by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi
In this text, Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi has outlined the fundamentals of Shari'ah and how to live by the teachings and laws of Islam. He discusses Taqlid, understanding of the laws and the reasoning behind them, and even the concept of Ijtihad.

An Outline of the History of Restriction on Ijtihad, by Shaykh Aga Buzurg Tehrani
The history and significance of Ijtihad in Sunni and Shi'i developments.

Fiqh and Fuqaha
An introduction to fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) containing forty-four life sketches of great scholars.

Jurisprudence and its principles, by Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari
History and sources of jurisprudence, history of jurisprudents, as well as methods, laws, and issues relating to jurisprudence.

Tendency of Rationalizing the Laws of the Shari'ah, by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi
The tendency towards the rationalization of Islamic laws, and the attitude of a Muslim towards the shari'ah. Includes the story of P.Musa and Khidr from the Qur'an.

The Islamic System of Judiciary in the Qur'an, by Ayatullah Jawadi Amuli
Verses of the Qur'an which deal with a judiciary system, need for judiciary laws, rules for judges, and matters concerning testimony and witnesses.

The Place of Al-Mufid in the Development of Shi'i Kalam and Fiqh, by Ayatullah Sayyid Ali Khamane'i
Aspect of Shaykh Al-Mufid's work, Independence of the school of the Ahlul Bayt, Model for Shi'i Fiqh and Kalam.

The Principle of Ijtihad in Islam, by Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari
Brief biography of Ayatullah Mutahhari, definition, types, permissibility and history of Ijtihad, Akhbarism, and Taqlid.

The Role of Ijtihad in Legislation, by Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari
Definitions of 'mujtahid' and 'ijtihad'. Ijtihad in Sunni and Shi'i traditions. Akhbarism in the Imamiyyah Tradition.

The Role of Reason in Ijtihad, by Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari
Ash'ari and Mu'tazali beliefs in the role of reason. Qiyas in legislation. The Shi'ite position.