After the death of Prophet Enoch several events occurred over time that led to humans committing the first human blasphemy. There were five pious people who had died. Their names are cited in Surat Nuh, verse 23. They were Wadd, Suwa', Yaghuth, Ya'uq, and Nasr. Satan came to the people in the shape of a man and told them to build statues of these five men. Building statues of men was permissible in the rules given to Prophet Enoch. Later this was abrogated. In the rules of Prophet Muhammad, it is forbidden to build a statue of a living thing.
The people responded to the whispers of the devil and built these statues to remember and honor these five good men. After a long period of time Satan reappeared. Ignorance had spread widely and many tribulations had occurred among the people. The statues had become very common among the people.
Blasphemy Occurs among Humans
When Satan came again, to a later generation, he ordered the people to worship these idols unrightfully, becoming blasphemers. Satan told them to put the statues in the places that people used to worship properly. He told them to worship the statues instead, and they did. Satan told them that their ancestors had worshiped the statues, which was a lie. All this took place after the death of Prophet Enoch. At that time, there was no Prophet among the people. This first blasphemy occurred one thousand years after Prophet Adam died.
Surah Nuh, verse one, means that God sent Prophet Noah (Nuh) to his people and ordered him to warn them to return to Islam and leave out this blasphemy, before a severe torture would befall them. Noah was the son of Lamak, the son of Mattushalakh, the son of Enoch.
The time span between Enoch and Nuh is one thousand years, that being the first era of ignorance. In these years, the first blasphemy was committed and spread among humans. Noah was the first Prophet and Messenger that God sent to the blasphemers.
There were sins during the time of Adam, Seth and Enoch, but no blasphemy among the people. These three Prophets dealt with Muslims only. When it is said that Prophet Noah was the first Messenger, it means the first Messenger to blasphemous people. Definitely, Prophet Adam is the first Prophet, not Prophet Noah.
Prophet Noah, the First Prophet to Call Blasphemous People
God sent Prophet Noah to the blasphemers to call them to the true Religion, with its true and valid worship. In Suratul-‘A'raf, verse 65, God said that Prophet Nuh said, “O my people worship God, He is the only God Who deserves to be worshiped. Be God-fearing.” He said, “I fear for you a day that will bring a severe torture, if you do not leave blasphemy”. Prophet Nuh endeavored during the day and night. He spoke to them of the great rewards of being Muslims, the rewards of the Hereafter, about Paradise and all the rewards prepared for the pious, and the severe tortures of Hellfire. He used many methods and spent a lot of time calling them back to Islam. Most did not respond to his call, and did not come back to Islam.
We sent Nuh to his people and he remained among them for fifty short of a thousand years; yet the Flood engulfed them while they were wrongdoers. (Qur'an, 29:14)
In fact they had an extreme hatred for Prophet Noah and his few followers. Prophet Noah stayed among the people for 950 years, teaching the people Islam. Only about 80 believed in Prophet Noah. Surah al-'Ankabut, verse 14 means:
“He stayed among them for one thousand years less fifty.”
The people were extremely harsh to Prophet Nuh, and inflicted a lot of harm on him. They were so nasty that they tried to strangle him, until he fainted. Each century exercised more enmity to Prophet Noah and his followers.
Prophet Nuh eventually told them (Hud, 34) that God is the One Who guide to the light of Islam whomever He willed. God is the One Who makes people misguided. Noah said, “My role is to convey, but God is the only One Who creates the guidance in the hearts of the people.” Prophet Noah did not get desperate, even though so few people responded to his call. It was when God revealed to Noah that those who believed have believed, and no one else of his people would believe, that Prophet Nuh made a du^a’ (supplication) to God for their destruction.
The Great Flood
Prophet Nuh asked God not to leave any blasphemers on the Earth. God answered the request of Noah and revealed that He would drown them all in a great flood. God ordered Prophet Nuh to build an ark. Prophet Nuh gathered the wood, tar, and iron for that ark. The people mocked Prophet Nuh on account that he was making an ark on dry land, away from water. Those blasphemers got worse and worse. God ordered Nuh that when he saw a sign to start loading the ark. The sign was seeing water flowing out of an oven made of stones that belonged to Lady Eve.
We revealed to him: "Build the Ship under Our supervision and as We reveal. When Our command comes and water bubbles up from the earth, load into it a pair of every species, and your family-except for those among them against whom the word has already gone ahead. And do not address Me concerning those who do wrong. They shall be drowned." (Qur'an, 23:27)
God made the skies rain. As a result God made the beasts gathered near the ark. Prophet Noah took a male and female pair of each kind of animal. The believers also went on the ark. Water sprang out of Earth in large quantities. The rain fell for a long time and it was cited that it was for 40 days. After lifting up on the water, the ark went to the location of where the Ka'abah was and circled around that location seven times. After being on the water for a long time, the ark went to a mountain in Mosul, Iraq, called al-Judiyy, where it rested.
God protected Prophet Nuh and his believing followers, and inflicted the punishment on the blasphemers. All the blasphemers drowned including the son of Nuh, Kan'an. Kan^an rejected the teachings of his father Nuh. He did not respond to the warning of his father that the flood would drown the disbelievers. Kan'an said, “I will climb the mountain and escape the flood”. Prophet Nuh said that there was no way to escape the flood if one was a disbeliever. The water kept rising until it covered the peak of the mountain Kan^an was on, then he drowned.
We sent Nuh to his people: "I am a clear warner to you. Worship none but Allah. I fear for you the punishment of a painful day." (Qur'an, 11:25-26)
But they denied him so We rescued him and those with him in the Ark. And We drowned the people who denied Our Signs. They were a blind people. (Qur'an, 7:64)
So We rescued him and those with him by mercy from Us, and We cut off the last remnant of those who denied Our Signs and were not believers. (Qur'an, 7:72)
In Surah Hud, 42-43, God said that Nuh told his son:
“Ride with us on the ark and do not stay with the blasphemers. Become Muslim and come on board the ark.”
Kan'an told his father “I will resort to a mountain that will protect me from the water”. Nuh told his son “Today there shall be no one to protect you from the torture of God, except for whomever God willed mercy.” The waves separated Nuh from Kan'an, and Kan'an drowned. The waves were very high, like mountains.
Noah’s wife also died as a blasphemer. Nuh’s wife is cited in the Qur’an in Suratut-Tahrim. Nuh’s wife betrayed him by not believing in him. She would tell the people that her husband was crazy. However, she did not commit adultery. No wife of a Prophet betrayed her husband with adultery. It is said that the name of this wicked woman is Walighah.
God told us the
details of the water coming from the sky, springing from the Earth, and
the ark floating, in Surat Al-Qamar, verses 11-14. God told us that He
ordered the gates of the sky to open up, so that pouring water would
come down. God ordered the Earth to release its water within itself.
Both water from the sky and water that sprang out from the Earth met
together. God lifted Nuh and his companions on planks of wood and nails
(the ark) and rescued them. God said that the ark ran and floated under
His protection. The ark moved and floated on waves as high as mountains
We Come From the Three Sons of NuhThe three sons of Nuh on the vessel were Sam, Ham, and Yafith. God willed that only those three sons of Nuh would have children, and that no one else on the ark would have children. Surah As-Saffat, verse 77, means that God made the children of Prophet Nuh the ones from whom the people come. All the people nowadays go back to those three sons.
Imam Ahmad Ibn Hambal narrated from the route of Samurah, the son of Jundub that the Prophet said, “Sam is the forefather of the Arabs, Ham is the forefather of the Abyssinians, and Yafith is the forefather of the first Romans (Greeks).” Sa'id the son of Musayyab said that the three sons of Noah each gave birth to three. As to Sam, he gave birth to the Arabs, Persians and Romans. He said that Yafith gave birth to the Turks, Sicilians, and Gog and Magog. He said that Ham gave birth to the Copts of Egypt, the Sudanese and the Berbers (of North Africa).
As to the day on which the ark landed on Mt. Judiyy, Qatadah and others cited that the believers went on the ark on the 10th day of Rajab. They floated for 150 days and the vessel landed on Mt. Judiyy, staying for one month before the people got out. The day they went off the ark was the 10th day of Muharram. Ibn Jarir narrated a similar piece of information and that they fasted on the day they got out. *see note at the end of this article*
When Prophet Nuh was about to die, he was asked a question by the angels, “How did it feel to spend so many years on Earth?” Prophet Nuh replied, “I saw this life on Earth like a house with two doors. I entered into that life from one door and I left through the other.” He meant that it went so quickly. Our Prophet said that this world is like the farm for the Hereafter. Here you plant your deeds, and in the Hereafter you harvest. It was narrated that Prophet Nuh lived for 1400 years, as well as other narrations.
When Prophet Nuh ate he would say “Al-Hamdulillah” (praise and thanks to God), and he said this when he drank, put on his clothes, and rode an animal as well. He was very thankful to God, as cited in Suratul-Isra’, verse :
“Prophet Nuh was a thankful slave of God.”
God said in Surah Saba’, verse 13, that one would find among the slaves of God few that are truly thankful to God. This does not mean that only a few people are Muslim. It means that the majority of Muslims are not highly pious Muslims. Most Muslims use their endowments to do some sins, and hence they are not truly thankful.
So We opened the gates of heaven with torrential water and made the earth burst forth with gushing springs. And the waters met together in a way which was decreed. We bore him on a planked and well-caulked ship. (Qur'an, 54:11-13)